Interesting Facts You Didn't Know about Nicaragua

Posted by Jamie Cain on Nov 21, 2019 2:56:21 PM

The beautiful country of Nicaragua is located in Central America and is nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. It’s known for its breathtaking landscapes of lakes, volcanoes and primitive beaches.

Map of Nicaragua Showing Volcanoes and Lakes Courtesy of alecamikia.blogspot.comMap of Nicaragua Showing Volcanoes and Lakes - Courtesy of

Nicaragua in the middle of the Americas

Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America and is about the same size as the state of New York. It borders Costa Rica to the South and Honduras to the North, with the Pacific Ocean to the West, and the Caribbean Sea to the East. The population is over 6 million.

Lake Managua and the Momotombo Volcano are located north of the Capital City of Managua. The city of Granada lies south, on the shores of Lake Nicaragua, and is known for its fantastic Spanish colonial landmarks that have survived repeated pirate invasions.

The colonial heritage and a history of resilience

The first Spanish permanent settlements were founded in 1524. That year, the conquistador Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba founded two of Nicaragua’s principal cities: Granada, with the conservative faction, and León, with the liberals. Historically, both cities of Granada and León have been rivals, shaped by different values and political views.

Granada Photo Courtesy of iStockThe Historical Center of Granada, with Lake Nicaragua in the Background - Photo from iStock

In fact, the opposition between the two cities even led to a bloody civil war in 1854, which was worsened by the arrival of American filibuster William Walker and his army, who came to Nicaragua hired by Leon’s liberal faction. Walker eventually betrayed Leon and seized control of the country. The civil war then became the National War, which came to an end with the peace treaty between the two factions of the civil war and the aid from the armies of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Costa Rica.

In order to maintain peace, it was agreed that city of Managua would take over as Nicaragua’s capital in 1852, from León. The cities of Granada and León are similar in that they both have centuries old history and architecture and beautiful sun-baked buildings, but are very different otherwise. If you visit one, you must visit the other, which is easy enough to do since they are about 2.5 hours away from each other via private taxi.

The country of lakes and volcanoes

Nicaragua Beaches Photo Courtesy of Nicaragua Travel GuideNicaraguan Beaches - Photo Courtesy of Nicaragua Travel Guide

The country of Nicaragua has approximately 500 miles of coastline, along which are five of the best surf spots in the world! Read more about 5 Amazing Surfing Beaches in Nicaragua here.

Located in the vast Lake Nicaragua, is a little island called “Ometepe”. Its name is derived from the Nahuatl words “ome” (two) and “tepetl” (mountain), meaning “two mountains”. These two volcanoes - Concepcion and Maderas - are joined by a low isthmus, which form it into an hourglass or dumb-bell shape. It’s the third largest island in the world to be located in a freshwater lake. The rich soils on Isla de Ometepe produce delicious and flavorful coffee.

Ometepe Island in the Middle of Lake Nicaragua - Mike PolischukOmetepe Island in the Middle of Lake Nicaragua - Photo from Mike Polischuk

Nicaragua, also known as the “Country of Lakes and Volcanoes” has 21 volcanoes, and two of the largest freshwater lakes in Central America - Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua. Lake Nicaragua is one of the very few lakes in the world to contain fresh-water sharks.

Freshwater Sharks Photo Courtesy of Sharks - Photo Courtesy of

The average temperatures in Nicaragua year-round range from low to mid 80s F. Nicaragua has two seasons: Wet Season and Dry Season. The locals call these “Invierno” or Winter, and “Verano” or Summer. The rainy season lasts from May to October, but Nicaragua’s wettest months are September and October.


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Jamie Cain

Written by Jamie Cain

Jamie Cain is a native Texan. She has a Bachelor’s Degree in Finance, and after graduating college, she began a career in modeling. “This was an incredible experience, as I had the opportunity to work and live in many amazing countries and experience all the different cultures.” After, she started a career in real estate in Dallas. Fast forward to 2017, she had the wonderful opportunity to join ECI Development as a Property Advisor for Nicaragua and Belize. Presently, Jamie lives on the East Coast with her husband and two white cats. She enjoys yoga, blogging, photography, and cooking.

Topics: History, Nicaragua, Tourism in Nicaragua, Vacationing in Nicaragua, Granada, Nicaraguan Culture, Leon