Nicaragua covers about 50,000 square miles, with about one-fifth of the area reserved for national parks and nature reserves. The Pacific Ocean is on the western side with the Caribbean Sea bordering the east. Honduras lies on the north and Costa Rica borders Nicaragua on the south.
NicaraguaÂs Three Zones
Three different geographic regions make up Nicaragua. They are the Pacific lowlands, the North-Central highlands and the Caribbean lowlands.
The Pacific lowlands lie in the western part of Nicaragua. Anglers can enjoy great freshwater fishing at Lake Nicaragua which is Central AmericaÂs largest lake. More than 40 volcanoes dot this area. Many are active and erupt on occasion, making them a favorite spot for tourists. Temperatures in this region are between 85 and 90 degrees fahrenheit throughout the year, meaning that the beaches here are warm and inviting. More than half of NicaraguaÂs population lives here. Managua, the nationÂs capital, has a population of 1.5 million people.
The North-Central highlands are lightly populated. This region is mostly dedicated to agriculture. This area is cooler but has a longer rainy season.
The Caribbean lowlands feature spectacular rainforests. The Bosawas Biosphere Reserve covers more than 1.8 million acres, which is the largest forest preserve in Central America. High temperatures and humidity are common here along with many species of tropical animals and birds. Tourists who stop here can enjoy spectacular tours of this tropical forest. Many of the citizens who live here speak English.
Touring Nicaragua by Vehicle, Train and Plane
Tourism in Nicaragua by vehicle is a bone-jarring experience. The country has 19,000 kilometers of roads but only about 2,000 kilometers are paved. Traveling the Nicaraguan roads calls for sturdy four-wheel drive vehicles. Nicaragua suffered under a series of dictators and their crony capitalist friends who savaged the countryÂs infrastructure. Most of the train tracks that once transversed the country were torn up and sold for scrap. The country has about 180 airports with about 11 that are paved.
The best roads are concentrated around Managua and in the Pacific zone. To travel to the Caribbean coast, a tourist can travel the road out of Managua, but it ends at Rama. Then the journey must be completed by riverboat.
Corn Islands Cool
The Corn Islands are becoming a hot spot for tourists because of their outstanding coral reefs where tourists can go scuba diving and snorkeling. The sea life is spectacular and includes hammerhead sharks, giant sea turtles, spotted eagle stingrays and schools of barracudas.
The two islands are about five square miles in area and lie about 70 miles east of Nicaragua in the Caribbean Sea. Cruise ships dock here and about 50,000 tourists travel annually to the old colonial city of Granada.
Riding and Sailing at San Juan del Sur
Riding on horseback on the beach near San Juan del Sur is a serene and fulfilling experience for tourists who love sunsets. The gear is good quality, and riders can choose a horse that fits their ability. Tourists can rent a boat here for a day of sail and surf. Sailing to a remote beach for relaxation and a picnic is fun for entire families or couples who love exploring. The crew will keep the drinks fresh and cool while passengers go diving or swimming.
The Gran Pacifica Beach & Golf Resort offers tourists outstanding opportunities to explore tourism in Nicaragua while living on a beach in an exciting, close-knit community. The community living here offers surfing, swimming, hiking, dining, shopping, horseback riding and play on a private beach. Both visitors and residents alike enjoy all the amenities. Rentals, real-estate sales and investments are offered at the Gran Pacifica.