Nicaragua is officially known as the Republic of Nicaragua. It houses two of the biggest fresh water lakes in the whole of Central America, namely Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua. The country features a diverse and unique ecosystem, which is attracting a large number of tourists. While the capital city Managua has advanced health care facilities, only basic facilities are available in smaller town and villages.
After 1996, the funds spent on healthcare in the country were reduced pertaining to a directive from IMF and World Bank, which focused on cutting down the government expenditure on non-profit sectors causing a set back for industry. But the move helped strengthen the existing private sectors. The face of healthcare in Nicaragua is rapidly changing, with the development of various well equipped hospitals and health care centers.
Medical Facilities in Nicaragua
The basic medical services and facilities are available in the capital, Managua, as well as many other towns and villages of Nicaragua. But the treatment for serious health problems is available only in the capital city.
In towns and cities where ambulance services are available, they offer basic first aid and transportation. Hospital personnel and physicians speak in English and Spanish. All medical reports are written in Spanish. Highly advanced treatments and equipment are being introduced in Nicaragua.
In case of an emergency, patients are transported to the closest hospital that will accept patients. Public hospitals usually take in patients, unless the individual or their emergency contact implies they will pay for private hospital services. Some of the private hospitals accept credit cards, but payments are usually required to be made by cash. Health insurance plans from the United States are usually not accepted in Nicaragua.
Those travelling to Nicaragua should ensure all vaccinations taken routinely are up to date. Immunization against rabies, Hepatitis A and B, and typhoid are recommended and those taking prescription medications should carry an adequate supply with them. It is important to check if your medical will cover you in Nicaragua
Hospitals in Nicaragua
The facilities for healthcare in Nicaragua can be categorized according to the sectors that they come under. There are public and private hospitals in the country. No matter which part of the country, the government tries its best to ensure the health care provided is of good quality. Health care is given high priority in the country.
In 2006, the government of Nicaragua passed a verdict stating that public hospitals cannot overcharge people for any medical services. The idea behind this verdict was to provide subsidized health care across health centers and government hospitals of the country.
A majority of hospitals are concentrated in Nicaragua's capital, Managua. Some of the reputed ones are American Medical Center SA, Medical Center Leal, Managua Central Hospital and Hospital Monte Hospital.
Government and international organizations are striving to improve the quality and number of hospitals in the country. International organizations like UNICEF, WHO and Nicaragua's Ministry of Health provide funding for the hospitals and healthcare in Nicaragua.
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